The genus, Centrophorus is from the Greek words kentron or "thorn" and pherein, which is "to bear." This is in reference to the spines on the dorsal fins. Its teeth are unique to the jaw, in that upper teeth are like blades with the lower teeth are serrated. They primarily feast on teleost fish, but enjoy a meal or cephalopods and invertebrates from time to time.
They live and feed at depths deeper than 200 m (656 ft). They are usually seen on the outer parts of continental shelves and upper slopes, patrolling the bottom.
The gulper shark reaches maturity around 7-8 for males and 12-16 years for females. Exact details on size, age and maturity for gulper sharks is currently unknown. However, gestation lasts about 2 years, and are ovoviviparous.
Does anything prey upon the gulper shark? That much isn't known, but it could be hypothesized that these animals are eaten by larger fish/deepwater sharks.
Due to their habitat preference- aka very, very deep- they rarely encounter humans and therefore pose no threat. However, they are known to be salted, dried and smoked by humans for consumption. They are probably used for fishmeal and their liver oil is utilized.
The gulper shark is currently is on the IUCN (World Conservation Union) Red List of Threatened Species as "Vulnerable."